Need for soil conservation practices. Effects of deforestation, soil problems affecting crop production, methods of land clearing and the effect of bush burning. Tillage implements, soil tillage and tillage techniques; effects of tillage methods on soil and crop. Soil structure formation and improvement, structure deformation and measures to prevent it. Maintenance and improvement of soil fertility through natural and artificial processes. Irrigation methods, drainage methods, erosion control. Application of Global Positioning System (GPS). In topographical mapping. Field trip. Prerequisite to CSP 407&509.
This course discuss Aquatic Ecology with special references to distribution and Natural history. Characteristics of the aquatic environment, organic production in aquatic fauna and flora, algal blooms and eutrophication; benthos biomass assessment. Niche concept. Habitat studies of fish communities in major aquatic ecosystems of Nigeria. Distributions, structures and dynamics of aquatic ecosystems in tropical Africa. Food interrelationship in fish populations. Fish behaviour, marine fish and invertebrate community and behavioural ecology, energy exchange between habitats through fish invertebrate migrations and use of fish vocal patterns as a tool to study their behavioural ecology and to identify essential fish habitats.
This course is designed primarily for students in fisheries and aquaculture disciplines to teach them properties of natural water and manmade lakes. The scope of this course encompasses of features of natural and artificial lakes, Thermal properties and stratification, Physico- chemical properties of fresh, Brackish and marine waters, Hydrology and water cycle, Identification and study of the characteristics fauna and other flora of importance in tropical and fresh water and coastal swamps, Ecology, utilization and management of aquatic fauna and flora, Control of aquatic weeds, Collection and identification of macro- invertebrates.
Principles of systematics. Phylogenetic relationships. Taxonomy and detailed study of major commercial fish species in Nigeriaâ€™s inland, estuarine and marine waters. Identification of fish species using keys and monographs. Morphology of bony and cartilaginous fishes. Respiration, Reproduction, excretion, osmoregulation, food and feeding habits, circulatory and nervous systems. This course introduces the students to the comprehensive description, phylogenetic classification, occurrence, abundance, geographical distribution, ecological features, conservation status and diversity of most common finfishes that inhabit freshwaters and brackish waters of Nigeria with emphasis on their identification using standard taxonomic keys and their morphometric and meristic features. It provides a checklist and simple identification of Nigerian freshwater, brackishwater and marine fishes in diagrams and short descriptions.
This course is designed mainly for students in Fisheries and Aquaculture. The course provides applied training on the construction and maintenance of ponds. This course will impart valuable skill to the students in order to enhance their hands-on construction and maintenance of ponds. Topics to be covered include Site selection and survey. Design and construction of earthen production, breeding, nursery ponds. Fish pond accessories - spillway, monks, water inlet, monk boards and screen. Construction of other fish culture enclosures (concrete tanks, cages, pens, raceways). Construction of simple hatchery units, drainage facilities, flow-through system for fish production. Maintenance of ponds, channels and drainage facilities. Fish farm design and facilities.
This course introduces the students into the basic in aquafeed formulation, processing and manufacturing. It is a practical-oriented course that guides students into transforming theoretical knowledge acquired in classrooms to meaningful output. Topics to be covered include: Nutrient sources, types of feedstuffs, ingredients and their chemical compositions, feed supplements and concentrates. Classification of foods, feedstuffs for aquafeeds. Chemistry and nutritive values of foods, feedstuffs and fish supplements. Methods of aquafeed formulation and preparation. Pelleting, extrusion, physical feed parameter and biological evaluatio. Techniques involved in aquafeed formulation, components of a feedmill, packaging and storage of aquafeeds.
This course is a fisheries management course. However, it helps the students in understanding fish physiology and its behaviour. Fish growth and development, determination of fish growth. Reproduction and factors affecting both growth and reproduction in fish. Growth and reproduction in shell fish and its measurement. Different shapes and designs of fish in relation to aquatic environment. Structure of organs, tissues, cells and organelles in relation to their function.
This course is designed mainly for students in Fisheries, Aquaculture and related disciplines. It provides knowledge on the exploitation of fishery resources in Nigeria. This course will impart valuable skill to the students in understanding types of Fishery Zones; various fishing methods, processing of fishery product and trade for the fishery product.
This course is designed to trained students on how to carry out the survey of forest lands using some simple survey equipment such as compass, chain, poles, arrows, field books, optical instruments etc and simple construction surveying for rural applications. The students are practically exposed to various survey equipments and how to handle them. Students are also trained on how to produce the map of an area that has been surveyed, closing of errors in maps and computation of land areas from a map using different methods. Some of the topics to be covered include procedures in ground survey and ground survey instruments. Chain surveying (open and close traversing) and triangulation, Obstacles in chain survey, how to overcome them and the various sources of errors during survey exercise. Others are Compass survey: function, limitations and use during survey exercise and sources of errors, plotting of survey maps, plans and methods of area calculations, lettering and conventional signs, levelling and contours, plane tabling, the Theodolite: uses in tachiometry and Forest road alignment.
Principles, practices and techniques in tropical horticulture tools equipment and materials. Landscaping. Origin, distribution, taxonomy, botany, principles of cultivation, harvesting, processing, storage, marketing and use of major fruits, leafy vegetables and ornamental plants of Nigeria.
This course discuss Fish population Dynamics and designed to disseminate information on the state of fish population, utilization, and management within the aquatic environment; for conservation harnesses of the endemic fish to Nigeria fish stock in the Gulf of guinea. It discusses definition of fish stock assessment; Primary Objectives of fish stock assessment. The stock concept. Estimation of growth parameters. Methods for estimation of growth parameters from length and age data. Age/Length composition data from a single survey and multiple surveys. Fishing efforts and catch per unit efforts. Population estimation: age and growth, sex ratio, natality (recruitment) and mortality. Computation of yields from given recruitments. Hence, the focus of the course is to bring to the awareness of the students the importance in fish management, and conservation to guide against over fishing, under fishing and running desirable specie(s) of fish into extinction, while managing fish stock for the benefit and utilization of the present generation as well as the future generations.
This course deals with the nutritional requirements of fish (shell and fin fish) and different sources of meeting them. The course encompases different topics viz; Principles of fish nutrition, feeding methods, factors affecting the nutritive value of feeds. Nutrient requirement of fish and shrimps. Natural and artificial feeds, supplementary feeds, concentrates, purified, semi-purified and practical diets. Conventional and non-conventional sources of feedstuffs. Processing of fish feeds; toasting, autoclaving, extrusion and pelleting. Use of plant and animal wastes in fish feeds and other products as substitutes in fish diet. Importance of fish meal in fish feeds and development of alternatives to fish meal and fish oil. Factors affecting fish growth and importance of anti-nutritional factors.
This course is designed primarily for students in fisheries and aquaculture disciplines to teach students on how to manipulate the land and fish resources available to maximize yield. The scope of this course encompasses types of aquaculture practices, fish culture methods, Integrated fish culture, history and status of aquaculture in Nigeria, site selection and selection of fish for aquaculture, water recirculation system and other enclosures for fish culture and other management practices in fish farming.
Water Quality and Aquatic Toxicology is a course that will introduce the students to the management of water quality in fisheries environments. The course synopsis is as follows: Physical properties of water bodies; water chemistry, nutrient cycles and aquatic productivity; sampling methods and analysis. Effects of pesticides and industrial contaminants on fish, crustaceans and molluscs within Nigeria coastal waters. Ecological toxicology, responses of aquatic species to excess nutrients, diseases and chemical stressors. Pollution and its effects on aquatic life, ecological characteristics of polluted waters and methods for maintaining and improving water quality (chemical, mechanical, biological). Fate and biomagnification of micropollutant, Nutrient behaviour, phytoplankton and algal nuisance.
This course is designed mainly for students in Fisheries, Aquaculture and related disciplines. The course provides applied training on the production and cultivation of freshwater finfish and shellfish larval; and production of live foods and micro algae for fish larvae. This course will impart valuable skill to the students in order to enhance their hands-on production of fish larvae and live foods for the larvae. Topics to be covered include introduction to larval cultivation of fin fish and shellfish and the necessity to produce live food. Production methods and environmental conditions for cultivating marine and freshwater finfish and shellfish larval. Principles and practices of larval food production; plankton aquaculture - Chlorophycota, Bacillarioppyta, Cyanophycota, Rhodophyta Chrysophta. Rotifer, copepods and micro algae culture parameters, production level reliability. Current advances in commercial-scale production of live feeds for larvae of finfish and shellfish. Preparation, culture and feeding of micro algae, rotifers and brine shrimp artemia. Artemia biology and ecology applications in aquaculture. Intensive cultivation of Artemia.
This course is designed primarily for students in fisheries management. However, it also meets the need of students in other fields, as a course that provides hand â€“ on training in design, construction and maintenance of aquaria and ponds for ornamental fishes. As a practical course, the focus is to impart useful skills on the students in order to enhance their management techniques and daily routine operations in the culture of ornamental and recreation fisheries. Topics to be covered include: identification, management and nutrition of ornamental fishes, design, construction and maintenance of aquaria and ponds for ornamental fishes, culture and breeding of aquarium fishes, sport fishing in recreation and tourism, economic importance of ornamental and sport fishes especially tropical fish species.
This course is designed to give thorough understanding to students on the biochemistry of principal nutrients in fish diet and tissues. The composition of fish and fish value will be discussed. The biochemical processes that occur to these nutrients in fish cells. Also, the biochemistry of Fish organs, tissues and cells, structure of these organs, tissues, cells and organelles related to their functions will as well be dealt with.
This course is a practical/ field experience for Students at 300 level go for two (2) weeks training at Fisheries and Aquaculture establishments to acquaint themselves with the operation methods in fish farms or establishments. Students are to write and submit Technical report at the end of the field trip for assessment by the panel of academic staff in the Department.